Crypto currency: What is it and how does it work?

Crypto Currency What is it and How Does it Work

Crypto currency, also known as digital currency, is a form of digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency.

Bitcoin, created in 2009, was the first decentralized cryptocurrency. Since then, numerous other cryptocurrencies have been created such as Litecoin, Peercoin, Dash, Monero and Zcash. Crypto currencies are based on blockchain technology.

Beginning of cryptocurrency:

In 2009, an anonymous person or group of people known as Satoshi Nakamoto created the first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin.

Cryptocurrencies are digital or virtual tokens that use cryptography to secure their transactions and to control the creation of new units.

Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency, and since then, numerous other cryptocurrencies have been created. These are typically referred to as altcoins, short for alternative coins.

Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and Monero are some examples of popular altcoins. Bitcoin can be traded on most major exchanges like Coinbase and Kraken where users can buy or sell it with U.S. dollars or another currency like Euros.

Is cryptocurrency legal?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual asset that uses cryptography for security. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, meaning they are not subject to government or financial institution control.

Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009. Cryptocurrencies are often traded on decentralized exchanges and can also be used to purchase goods or services.

While cryptocurrency is legal in many jurisdictions, some countries have banned or restricted its use. Recently, China has begun banning cryptocurrency trading platforms from operating within the country.

It is unclear how this will affect Chinese citizens looking to trade cryptocurrencies. Recently, Japan has recognized bitcoin as a legal currency and will regulate bitcoin transactions like other fiat currencies such as Yen or USD.

Why invest in cryptocurrency?

Crypto currency is a digital or virtual asset designed to work as a medium of exchange. Some experts believe that cryptocurrency will one day replace traditional fiat currency.

Others believe it will become a significant part of online transactions. For now, many people use cryptocurrencies for speculation.

Investors hope that their value increases over time. Speculators buy crypto currencies at low prices and sell them when the price rises, hoping to make a profit.

A potential drawback of investing in cryptocurrencies is their high volatility — their values change rapidly over short periods of time. The amount you invest may go up or down quickly.

The average investor should know how to manage risk and should never invest more than he/she can afford to lose.

For example, if you have $100 dollars invested in cryptocurrency, you might choose to only invest what you could afford to lose if the price were to drop substantially.

Is it really that hard to buy cryptocurrency?

No, buying cryptocurrency isn’t as complicated as you might think. In fact, it’s pretty easy to get started. All you need is a credit or debit card and a cryptocurrency wallet.

Your wallet stores your public and private keys (think of them like passwords) that give you access to your coins on the blockchain.

When choosing a provider for your cryptocurrency wallet, be sure to choose one that has been certified by an independent third party so that you know they’re safe and secure.

You’ll also want to pick one with support in your local currency if possible — this will help avoid unnecessary exchange fees when exchanging coins in the future!

How do I store my cryptocurrency safely?

When it comes to cryptocurrency, the most important thing you can do is keep your coins safe. That means storing them in a wallet that only you have access to.

There are a few different types of wallets, but the most secure are hardware wallets. These are physical devices that look like USB drives and can be used to store your coins offline.

There are two options for these — a paper wallet or an actual hardware device. Paper wallets are made by taking the keys generated on a computer and printing them out onto paper which is then stored securely away from anything electronic (e.g., cell phones).

The other option for storage is using an actual device such as Trezor or Ledger Nano S which stores your coins inside the device itself so they cannot be hacked into online.

What are some basic hacks I can use to help me understand and use cryptocurrency easier?

Cryptocurrency can be a confusing and daunting topic for those who are not familiar with the technology. However, there are some basic hacks that can help make the process of understanding and using cryptocurrency easier.

Here are some useful tips:

  • Do your research — There is a lot of information out there on cryptocurrency. It is important to do your research and understand the basics before investing or using cryptocurrency.
  • Use a reputable exchange — When buying or selling cryptocurrency, make sure to use a reputable exchange. Make sure you only trade through well-known exchanges that have high security standards and an established history.
  • Don’t share private keys — If you share your private key with someone else, they will have access to all of your funds stored in your wallet.
  • Secure your wallet — Always make sure to secure your wallet by setting up strong passwords, backing up data, protecting computers from malware and phishing scams, storing most of the currency offline (cold storage), etc.
  • Consider joining a mining pool — Mining pools offer people the opportunity to mine cryptocurrency even if they don’t have expensive hardware or vast amounts of electricity. The pool divides the work among its participants and pays them according to their contribution.
  • Hold onto your coins long term — With long-term investments, as opposed to day trading, comes less risk than holding onto cryptocurrencies short term (less than one year).
  • Beware of exit scams — Exit scams happen when a company abruptly shuts down and takes off with investors’ money. Be careful to invest in companies with reliable credentials, otherwise you may lose your investment too!
  • Avoid falling victim to FOMO — Fear Of Missing Out is common when dealing with crypto currencies because they’re so volatile. Just remember that FOMO can lead us into making rash decisions without fully understanding the situation which could potentially cost us more than we bargained for!
  • Start small — If you want to start investing in cryptocurrencies, start small. Start by buying just a little bit of Bitcoin and see how it goes. You don’t want to put everything into Bitcoin and then find out that it crashes overnight.
  • Practice patience — Crypto currency markets are volatile but this doesn’t mean you should act fast without thinking about what’s going on first. Practice patience and wait until you have full confidence in your decision before pulling the trigger on any transactions.
  • Take your time and learn the details of each coin — Do your homework and research the different aspects of a particular coin to know exactly what you’re getting into.
  • Keep a watchful eye on the market — Crypto currencies are highly volatile, meaning they rise and fall drastically at times. This means always watching the market closely to know when to buy and sell.
  • Spread your risk — Never put all of your eggs in one basket. This means having multiple wallets, multiple investments, etc.
  • Watch out for scams — Scams are everywhere, and cryptocurrency is no exception. Watch out for fake websites, social media accounts, apps, emails, and ads.
  • Know your limits — Remember that investing in cryptocurrency is risky. Know your limits and never go over the maximum amount you can afford to lose before investing.
  • Don’t panic when there are dips — You’ll have to get used to dips in the price of cryptocurrency if you plan on investing in it long-term.


A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual asset designed to work as a medium of exchange. It uses cryptography to secure its transactions, to control the creation of new units, and to verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized; they are not subject to government or financial institution control. Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009.

Cryptocurrencies are often traded on decentralized exchanges and can also be used to purchase goods and services. When Bitcoin first emerged, people mined for Bitcoins by putting their computers to work solving complicated math problems. Today, you earn Bitcoins by getting paid in them for your work, buying things with them or mining for them.

There are thousands of cryptocurrencies available on the internet that have various features including but not limited to different algorithms and consensus methods which determine how each crypto currency functions within an ecosystem.


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